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全国04年10月自学考试《综合英语(二)》试题
发布日期:2012-11-08 17:51 来源:上海自考之家 【字体:

I. 词法、词汇。用适当的词填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并在答题纸上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大题共25小题,每小题1分,共25分)Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (25 points)

  1. Friendship is almost ______ union of a part of one mind with a part of another.

  A. / B. the

  C. a D. an

  2. ______ a large collection of works of science in Chinese, this library also keeps many science books in foreign languages.

  A. Except B. Except for

  C. In reference to D. In addition to

  3. It is not always easy to distinguish ______ words which look or sound alike or which have similar meanings.

  A. / B. from

  C. between D. from among

  4. I really ______ go back to work tomorrow, but I feel so bad that I have decided to stay in bed for a few more days.

  A. ought to B. can

  C. will D. may

  5.She did not hear what you said because she ______ in her reading.

  A. was absorbed B. absorbed

  C. is absorbed D. has been absorbed

  6.I voted for the proposal though ______ did.

  A. anyone else B. somebody else

  C. someone else D. nobody else

  7.The enemy dropped hundreds of bombs over the city, ______ many deaths and great destruction.

  A. cause B. caused

  C. causing D. having caused

  8. Athletes ______ at the Olympic Games are supposed to be nonprofessionals.

  A. who compete B. who are competing

  C. who will compete D. who have competed

  9. ______ Jack wouldn’t take up the job, we might as well ask Richard to do it.

  A. For B. Since

  C. While D. Though

  10. “You haven’t been to the Niagara Falls?”

  “______, I haven’t.”

  A. Of course not B. No

  C. Yes D. Certainly

  11. They have abandoned city life and settled in the country, living on ______ in the fields.

  A. what they grow B. that they grow

  C. how they grow D. which they grow

  12.I ______ this three-room apartment without the money I borrowed from the bank.

  A. needn’t have bought B. mustn’t have bought

  C. shouldn’t have bought D. couldn’t have bought

  13. Your explanation was ______ satisfactory; you didn’t tell us the truth.

  A. far from B. far away

  C. farther from D. farther away

  14. The trashman’s neighbors consider him highly ______ as he does work society needs.

  A. respectable B. respectful

  C. respective D. respected

  15. He made ______ efforts for his degree examination and succeeded.

  A. constant B. stable

  C. steady D. regular

  16. As an experienced driver, he often warns beginners not to ______ any risk.

  A. receive B. take

  C. accept D. try

  17. The Chinese handicrafts he brought home are popular ______ his American friends.

  A. with B. within

  C. in D. to

  18. The title of the 35th Nurse of the Year was granted to Miss Helen Taylor, who had devoted herself ______ nursing for forty years.

  A. in B. into

  C. to D. onto

  19. He is ______ of an expert on international law.

  A. something B. anything

  C. everything D. nothing

  20. China attaches great importance ______ the relationships with her neighbouring countries.

  A. onto B. in

  C. to D. into

  21. He tried to appear calm, but his trembling voice gave him ______.

  A. up B. away

  C. in D. off

  22. Many people have exaggerated ______ computers are capable of.

  A. that B. which

  C. what D. how

  23.He was accused ______ drunken driving and was facing up to six months in prison.

  A. with B. against

  C. of D. by

  24. The kindhearted couple decide to ______ the child whose parents had been killed in an accident.

  A. adopt B. adapt

  C. adjust D. admit

  25. I wouldn’t study abroad. For one thing, I can’t afford the expenses; ______ I don’t think I can get used to life there.

  A. for other B. for the other

  C. for others D. for another

  II. 完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并在答题纸上将所选答案的字母涂黑。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points)

  Most living things undergo two types of biological change during their lifetime. One is

  26 , an increase in the size or efficiency of an organism. The other is aging, which involves a 27 in size or efficiency.

  Sings of aging 28 in most people between the age of 30 and 40. Heredity (遗传) determines most of the ways a person changes while aging, but environment also 29 a role. All the senses decline with age. For example, the eyes cannot adapt 30 darkness, and they require brighter light for reading. In women especially, bones lose calcium(钙) and become more likely to 31 .

  Many people believe that with advancing age, an individual loses the 32 to learn, remember, and make decisions. But 33 disease or injury damages the brain, a healthy elderly person 34 remains physically and mentally active probably suffers 35 serious decline in mental capacity.

  No one fully understands the aging process. Some scientists 36 that human aging will ever be controlled. Others believe that aging can be conquered. They note that several species of fish continue to grow until death 37 any signs of aging. Normal human cells can be kept 38 in a laboratory for only a limited time. However, abnormal(非正常的) cells, such as various cancer cells, can live for a long time. If scientists can determine how 39 cells survive, they may gain an insight 40 the process of cell aging.

 

  26. A. development B. growth C. progress D. improvement

  27. A. loss B. fail